GSEB Solution Cultural Heritage of India Class 10 S.S. Ch. 2

GSEB Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 – Cultural Heritage of India: Traditional Handicrafts and Fine Arts Textbook Solution, Additional Questions, and Notes PDF for Gujarat Board. This chapter has 3 marks weightage in GSEB Board 2024.

If you want to grab the marks in board then you must learn the textbook exercise questions because there has high chances of appearing question from it in your exam board.

Cultural Heritage of India Notes 2023: GSEB Class 10 S.S. | Ch. 02

At the end we have also attached amusing PDF format so that you do not have to visit NotesChahiye.Com again 😊.

Cultural Heritage of India: Traditional Handicraft and Fine Arts Solutions

In the following we have provided the solution all questions available in exercise. The following answer are written under the guidance of Gujarat Board teacher. Therefore you do not have to tense about accuracy of solution and relevancy of

I. Answer the following questions

Explain clay work of ancient Indian heritage.

Clay in Ancient Times

  • Man had a strong connection with clay in ancient times.
  • Clay was crucial because metal hadn’t been invented yet.
  • Potters used a wheel to create various items from clay, like toys, pots, and lamps.
  • Clay was also used for grain and milk storage, as well as kitchenware.

Historical Clay Use

  • Clay and cow-dung mix for house walls and huts.
  • Red clay utensils found in ancient sites like Lothal, Mohen-jodaro, and Harappa.
  • Clay items like pots and garbas (pitchers with earthen lamps) used in Navratri.

Terracotta in Ancient India

  • India known for making unbaked and baked clay utensils (terracotta).
  • Evidence found in places like Nagaijuna Kaunda and Laghnaj.
  • India’s clay work is ancient and still popular.

Leather work is a very old art of India. Explain.

  • Animal skin used to make various products in ancient India.
  • Processed into leather through traditional methods.
  • Leather used for crafting useful items.
  • Initially, leather used for making ‘masak’ and ‘kos’ (pouches or bags).
  • Used for practical purposes.
  • Diversification of Leather Products
  • Over time, leather used in crafting musical instruments like drums, dholak, and tabla.
  • Used for making footwear.
  • Leather belts for tying animals and shields for wars.
  • Items like ‘saaj,’ ‘palan,’ ‘lagaam,’ and whips for horses and camels made from leather.
  • Leather held a significant place in ancient Indian art and craftsmanship.

Give introduction of Sangeet Ratnaka

Sangeet Ratnakar by Pandit Sarangdev

  • Pandit Sarangdev wrote Sangeet Ratnakar from Daulatabad (Devgiri).
  • He was Proficient in both South and North Indian music.
  • Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande highly regarded Sangeet Ratnakar.

Authenticity and Significance

  • Pandit Bhatkhande considers Sangeet Ratnakar as the most authentic book on music.
  • It is considered the finest text for comprehending music.

Give information about Kathakali dance

Kathakali Dance from Kerala

  • Originated in Kerala and famous there.
  • “Katha” (story) + “Kali” (play) in Malayalam language.
  • Kathakali is a form of storytelling through dance.

Derivation of the Name

  • Derived from ancient Sanskrit and Malayalam epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata.
  • Males are the performers.
  • Wear intricate attire and crowns.

Expression in Kathakali

  • Dancers display various facial expressions.
  • Audience understands the characters portrayed.
  • The stage is lit with an earthen lamp, creating an intimate setting.

Notable Person in Kathakali

  • Poet Shri Vallathod, founder of Kalamandal Kathakali.
  • Dancers like Krishnprasad and Shivaraman achieved national and international fame in Kathakali.

II. Write answers of the following questions point-wise.

Explain the progress of Dancing art of India?

1. Bharatnatyam:

  • Source: ‘Natyashastra’ by Bharatmuni and ‘Abhinav Darpan’ by Nadikeshwar.
  • Oldest classical dance form.
  • Known for its graceful movements and expressions.

2. Kuchipudi:

  • Originated in the 15th century.
  • Famous in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Focuses on describing women’s beauty.
  • Dancers like Guru Prahlad Sharma and Raja Reddy have preserved this art.

3. Kathakali:

  • Originated in Kerala.
  • “Katha” (story) + “Kali” (play) in Malayalam.
  • Depicts stories from Ramayana and Mahabharata.
  • Male performers, elaborate attire, and facial expressions.
  • Illuminated by an earthen lamp for intimate performances.
  • Notable figures: Poet Shri Vallathod, Kalamandalam, Krishnprasad, and Shivaraman.

4. Kathak:

  • Originated in northern India.
  • Developed by Vaishnav community through ‘Shrungar Bhakti.’
  • Pandit Shrit Biiju Maharaj and Sitara Devi are influential artists.

5. Manipuri Dance:

  • Originated in Manipur, East India.
  • Based on Ras Leela and Bal Leela of Lord Krishna.
  • Divided into Lasya and Tandav styles.
  • Renowned artists include Guru Amobisingh and Nirmal Mehta.


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